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Children develop at their own pace, so it’s impossible to tell exactly when a child will learn a given skill. However, the developmental milestones give a general idea of the changes to expect as a child gets older. As a parent, you know your child best. If your child is not meeting the milestones for their age, or if you think there could be a problem with your child’s development, talk with your Health Visitor or GP.

For information on toddler development and milestones visit BBC Tiny Happy People website. 

Positive parenting

Positive parenting or strengths based parenting can be a powerful approach. The idea is to focus on your child’s strengths rather than trying to correct their weaknesses.  It is easy to focus on what your baby or toddler is doing wrong. However, shifting your focus to their strengths, rewarding them, even with a simple ‘well done’, has been shown to lead to fewer behavioural problems.  Evidence shows that young children are very responsive to praise.


Immunisations are designed to keep your child healthy and well and free from many preventable diseases and illnesses. It is important children receive their complete childhood vaccinations to ensure they are fully protected.

Children immunisation programme can be viewed here. 

Health eating

Childhood is a great time to start laying the foundations for a lifelong healthy diet.  In order to get all the nutrients they need, it is important for children to have a varied diet containing lots of different foods.

Speech and Language Development

Children develop their talking and understanding of words at different rates. However, knowing what is typical can help you identify speech and language problems early.  Your Health visitor will support you with this.

A new website has been developed by the Paediatric Speech and Language Therapy Service.  You will find lots of great information and advice to help you support a child with speech, language and communication needs.  Communication happens everywhere so everyone has the potential to support a child in their communication attempts.

Toilet Training

Toilet training should begin when your child shows signs that he or she is ready. There is no right age to begin. If you try to toilet train before your child is ready, it can be a battle for both you and your child. The ability to control bowel and bladder muscles comes with proper growth and development. Children develop at different rates. A child younger than 12 months of age has no control over bladder or bowel movements and there is very little control between 12 to 18 months. Most children are unable to obtain bowel and bladder control until 24 to 30 months. Your Health Visitor can support you with toilet training.

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